Abodes of lord Vishnu

36. Arulmigu Sengamalavalli Thayar sameda Senganmaal Ranganathar Temple - Thiru Thetri Ambalam

Moolavar   Senganmaal Ranganathar, Lakshmi Rangar
Utsavar   Pallikonda Ranganathar
Thayar   Sengamala Valli Nachiyar
Theertham   Surya Pushkarni
Pose & Direction   Bujanga Sayanam facing East
Vimanam   Vedha Vimanam
Sthala Vruksham  
Paadiyavar   Thirumangai Alwar
Travel Base   Sirkazhi
Nearest Railway Station   Sirkazhi



This temple is in the village of Thiru Nangur and called as Thiruthetriyambalam or Palli Konda Perumal Temple. It's about 5 miles (8 kms) away from Sirkazhi. It is one among the eleven divyadesams of Thirunangur Tirupathis. The place is 8 km far from Sirkali. Buses are available only at specific hours. This Temple is located km South East of Purushottamar Koil. There are buses from Mayavaram / Sirkazhi that goes past Thiru Nangur. Direct special buses are available only on special occasions. If you are going in car it is 20 kms from Mayavaram and 8 kms from Sirkazhi.



The legends of all the eleven temples of Thirunangur are closely associated with each other. As per legend, the Hindu god Shiva started dancing in fury at this place after the death of his consort Uma due to the yagna (sacrifice) of Daksha. Each time his lock of hair touched the ground; there were eleven other forms of Shiva who appeared. The celestial deities were worried that if the dance continues, it would result in decimation of entire creations. They prayed to Vishnu for help, who appeared at this place. On seeing Vishnu, Shiva's anger was reduced and he requested Vishnu to appear in eleven forms like he did. On his request, Vishnu appeared in eleven different forms at Thirunangur. Arimeya Vinnagaram literally translates to the place where Hari (another name of Vishnu) resides. The eleven places where Vishnu appeared are believed to be where the eleven temples in Thirunangur are located. It is believed that several sages like Agastya, Bharadwaja, Gautama and Varuna performed penance at this place. It is believed that the presiding deity of Srirangam arrived here on the request of Shiva. It is referred as Ambalam, which in Malayalam means temple. Demon Hiranyakshan took the earth and hid in the Padala Loka the world below the earth. All the sages and Devas reached Lord Vishnu for protection and restoration of the world at its original place. Lord Agreed to take the Varaha incarnation a colossal swine form with a horn at the nose. Mother Mahalakshmi said that what she could do if he leaves her. So asked Adisesha the divine serpent serving Lord as bed, umbrella etc. Perumal advised them to go to Palasavanam and meditate upon him. He said that Lord Shiva also would join them and promised that he would be back after destroying the demon. Lord Perumal also said that this place would be called Tiruthetri Ambalam in Kaliyuga-the present period. Adding, Perumal said that staunch devotee Sri Bashyakarar would bring 108 scholars initiated to Vaishnavism to this place and that he would take care and protect all beings. Lord left for Padala Loka, destroyed the demon, rescued earth and placed it in its own place. Lord came to Palasavanam as promised to Mother Mahalakshmi and Lord Shiva and granted his darshan. He also relaxed here after the war with the demon half closing his handsome red eyes. Hence, Perumal is praised as Senganmal Ranganathar Lord with red eyes.



The temple has two shrines enclosed in a compound wall. The presiding deity, Pallikonda Perumal is sported in Bhujanga Sayanam (recumbent posture) with four arms facing east. The presiding deity is called by various names like Senganmal, Ranganathar and Sreelakshmirangar. The shrine of the consort, Bhujangavalli, is in a shrine parallel to the sanctum, facing east. The vimana above the sanctum is called Veda Vimanam. Lord Shiva and Mother Sengamala Nachiar had the darshan of Lord in the temple. Besides the presiding deity, Lord Lakshmi Narayana, Mothers Sridevi and Bhoodevi, Chakarathzhwar and Lord Santhana Gopalakrishnan bless the devotees from the sanctum sanctorum. Mother Sengamalavalli Thayar blesses from her own separate shrine. 12 Azhwars and Sri Anjaneya are in the Mahamandapam. This is the only Lord Vishnu temple among the 108 Divya Desas known as Ambalam. Of the 11 Perumal who came to this place, Perumal in the Temple is but very Sri Ranganatha of Srirangam. Worshipping Perumal here is equal to worshipping Srirangam Perumal. In the east faced Temple Lord Perumal is in a reclining form on the Adisesha bed with four hands. His head and right hand are on a wooden stand. The left hand is on the hip. Mother Sridevi is on the head side and Mother Bhoodevi is at the feet side. Theertham of this Temple is Surya Pushkarini; though the Lord is in sleeping posture, He is guarding his devotees using Yoga Maya and is seeing the world happenings through his sun like eyes. So the Pushkarani is named as Surya Pushkarani. Vimanam is Veda Vimanam; in order to inform people that the ideal person explained in the Vedas is none other than himself, the vimanam is named as Vedha Vimaanam.

Arulmigu Sengamalavalli Thayar sameda Senganmaal Ranganathar Temple
Nangur, Nagapattinam - 609106
Phone: 04364-275689
Temple Timings : 6.00 am to 11.00 am, 5.00pm to 8.00 pm