Abodes of lord Shiva

144. Arulmigu Aamodhalanayagi sameda Rathnagiriswarar Temple - Thirumarugal

 
Moolavar   Rathnagiriswarar , Maanikkavannar
Utsavar  
Thayar   Aamodhalanayagi, Vanduvar Kuzhali
Kshethram   Kadhalivana Kshethram
Theertham   Lakshmi Theertham. Shiva Theertham
Pose & Direction  
Vimanam  
Sthala Vruksham   Marugal Vazhai (Plantain Tree)
Paadiyavar   Sambandar, Appar
Travel Base   Nagapattinam
Nearest Railway Station   Nannilam
 

 

Location

Thirumarugal is a small town, located 13 km East of Nannilam, near Nagapatnam, Tamilnadu in India. This Temple is situated at about 10 kms east of Nannilam Railway Station. This place can be reached by bus from Tiruvarur and Nagapattinam. This place is surrounded on all sides by holy places like Thirupugalur, Tiruchengattankudi, Tirucheeyathamangai (Tiruchathamangai) and Tirukkannapuram. Buses are available from Nagore to Mayiladuthurai via Thittacheri. Thirumarugal is on the Kumbakonam-Nagapattinam road. Bus facilities are available from Tiruvarur and Nagapattinam. Bus facility is available on Kumbakonam-Nagapattinam route running through Nachiarkoil and Nannilam also. Thirumarugal is 26 km far from Tiruvarur, 20 from Nagapattinam, 46 from Kumbakonam and 40 km from Mayiladuthurai. Nearest Airport is located at Tiruchi.

 

History

It was here that Lord Brahma and Sage Parasara did penance, the former to regain his powers and the latter to rid him of sins. The Lingam here, which is a Swayambhu, was unearthed by King Kusakethu, the Lord's ardent devotee, and bears the scar caused by the king's spade while he was digging the earth. The history of this temple also states that lord Rathinagireeshwarar had showered Rathina mazha to eradicate the famine in that place. The Lordess Mahalakshmi here in this Temple resided in this place where "Varalakshmi Nonbu" had started. History stated that Lordess Mahalakshmi had prayed to Lord Shiva taking Varalakshmi Nonbu and reunited with Vishnu. Hence the Theertham (temple pond) at this place is called Lakshmi Theertham.Legend has it that once a merchant who had seven daughters promised his nephew that he would give his eldest daughter in marriage to him. However, the merchant was greedy and later married her to someone else. He promised his nephew that he would give him his second daughter in marriage. As time went by, one by one he got his first 6 daughters married to other men of wealth. The last daughter was unhappy about her father breaking his word. One day she eloped with that young man planning to get married in another town. On their way, they stopped for the night at Thirumarugal, and that night a snake bit him and he died. The girl was in distress as she had left her parents and the man she was planning to marry was dead and she was stuck in an unfamiliar place. She was crying and lamenting and praying to Siva. Tirugnanasambandar happened to pass by on his way to the temple in the morning and heard her cries. He was moved by her plight. He went to the temple and sang the song "Sadayay ennumaal Sarani ennumal" pleading to God, explaining the girl's plight. God was moved by the song and resurrected the young man and Thiruganasambhandar had them married in front of Siva. This episode is re-enacted to this day during the Chaitra festival. The place got the name from a plantain tree known as ``Marugal'' which is found in the temple. It is believed that the tree has been there since time immemorial on the northern-side of the temple and if its branch is cut and planted elsewhere, it does not grow. The place is also known as ``Kadalivana Kshethram'' in Sanskrit.

 

Architecture

This is one of the 78 “Madakoils”, built on an elevation, by Ko Chengata Chola Nayanar so that elephants cannot enter the sanctum. The Lord Shiva in this temple is known as Rathnagiriswarar (Sanskrit) and Maanikkavannar (Tamil). The Lordess Parvathi is called as "Vanduvar Kuzhali" in Tamil and "Aamodhalanayagi"(Sanskrit). Shiva in the temple is a swayambumurthy. There are shrines dedicated to Somaskandar, Viswanatha and Visalakshi, Shanmuga, Ganapathi, Gajalakshmi, Natarajar, Chandikeswarar and the Navagrahas. There is also an inscription of King Serfoji of Thanjavur belonging to 1882 A.D., which speaks about a grant of 400 sovereigns made to the temple. There is a Lakshmi Theertham which is visited by Lord Varadaraja and his Consorts enshrined in a separate temple, on the ``Varalakshmi Vratam'' day. Sannidhis of Thirugnana Sampanthar, Saptha Mathargal, Soundarya Nayagi, Dakshinamoorthy, Lingothbhavar, Brahma and Durgai are located in this Temple. Marugal is a type of Banana as this is a Temple tree hence the village is called as Thirumarugal. The temple is having 2 prakarams and crowned with a 5 tiered Rajagopuram. The Sudhai Sirpam of chetti’s son who came alive by Tirugnanasambandar’s Devara Pathikam, after death due to snake bite in Rajagopuram can be seen. Lakshmi Theertham with Neerazhi Mandapam is located in front of the temple. In Koshtam Ganapathy, Dhakshinamoorthy, Lingothbhavar, Brahma and Durgai are located. In Ambal Sannadhi paintings of Kusakethu kings story can be seen. In Natarajar Saba, paintings of Pathanjali, Viyakrapathar and Chetti’s son can be seen. In the first level there is a Sannadhi for Sani Bhagavan (on the right side of Ambal Sannadhi). In the ground level prakaram Sannadhi for Sooram Theertha Vinayagar, Santhana Vinayagar, Marugalurudayar, Soundaranayagi and Yamuna Sandikeswari near Ambal Sannadhi can be found. Sannadhi for Somaskandhar, Nalvar, 63var, Prathana Vinayagar, Parasarar worshiped Lingam, Valli Devasena Subramaniyar, Mahalakshmi, Natarajar Saba, Navagrahas, Bairavar, Chandran, Suryan, Nagar, Chettippenn and Chetti Pillai in one peedam on the inner parakaram can be seen. There is Nel Kalanchiyam (Paddy storage on the left side of entrance to the upper level. Another Theertham called Shiva Theertham is located in the Temple.

Arulmigu Aamodhalanayagi sameda Rathnagiriswarar Temple
Thirumarugal, Nagapattinam - 609702
Phone: 4366 – 270 823
Temple Timings : 6.00 am to 12.00 noon, 5.00 pm to 9.00 pm