the Ultimate Web on Indian Gods & Temples

 by Padmani,


Abodes of Navagraha

Sani (Saturn)

In Vedic astrology the planet Saturn is called SHANI. In Sanskrit Shani comes from SANISCHARA, which means, "slow mover". From Shani we get the word "shun", which means to ignore, or lose awareness of something. Thus, Saturn represents a loss of awareness, or ignorance. This loss of awareness can also mean the diminishing awareness of the material world of manifestation. Here Saturn indicates the ascetic, rich with inner spirituality, and lost to this material plane of existence. Saturn is a malefic graha. He rules over the two sidereal signs of Capricorn and Aquarius. He is exalted in Libra, and fallen in the opposite sign of Aries. Saturn is a karaka, or indicator, of longevity, misery, sorrow, old age and death, discipline, restriction, responsibility, delays, ambition, leadership and authority, humility, integrity, wisdom born of experience. Saturn also indicates asceticism, denial, non-attachment, spirituality, hard work, organization, reality and time itself. Saturn's most powerful place in the chart is in the 7th House and the Kendra's, or Angles. He is a particularly beneficial planet for Taurus and Libra Ascendants. Saturn's nature is Vata, or Airy. His gem is Blue Sapphire and all black stones and his metal is Lead. Saturn's direction is west and his day is Saturday. He reaches full maturity at age 36. In Vedic myth Saturn is the son of the Sun, born to his shadow wife, Chaya. Saturn is lame because one of the Sun's first wife Sanjana's children became angered with him and struck him in the foot. Thus Saturn walks with a limp, which accounts why he is the slowest of the Grahas.

The graha SANISCHARA (Saturn), also known as Manda, is generally known to affect one adversely on occasions when he occupies certain positions in one's horoscope like Saade Sati (7 1/2 years) Ashtama Shani (Saturn in 8th house - 2 1/2 years) etc. He is the Lord of Makaram and Kumbam. He is the slowest moving planet taking 2 1/2 years in each Rasi, completing one cycle every 30 years. A prayer to this Devata, especially on Saturdays, is said to mitigate the hardships one will have to face during these periods. Sanischara bestows all benefits to the devotees who pray sincerely to him. The legend that depict the influence of the worship of SHANI goes as follows, and is narrated whenever a worship or offering is made to the deity.

Temple Index

Chola Naadu Dharpparanyeeswarar Temple Thirunallaru
  Saneeswarar Temple Thirunaraiyur
  Agneeswarar Temple Thirukollikkaadu
Pandiya Naadu Kailasanathar Temple SriVaikundam
  Madhunaatha Swamy Temple Ilathur
Thondai Naadu Vedhasironi Vellacherry
  Agastheeswarar Pozhichallur
Vada Naadu Sani Singanath Nasik


1. Rasi Capricorn (Maragam) / Aquarius (Kumba)
2. Direction West
3. Color Black
4. Grains Yellu
5. Vehicle Crow
6. Flower Karunkuvallai
7. Gems Sapphire
8. Offerings Yellu Powder
9. Samith Vanni
10. Alloy Iron
11. Adhi Devatha Yaman, Sastha
12. Prathya Devatha Prajapathi
13. Auspicious Day Saturday
14. Sex Ali
15. Caste Soothra
16. Dress Black Dress
17. Doopa Deepam Karunkaali
18. Pancha Bootham Space
19. Taste Kaippu
20. Friend Rasi Taurus, Gemini
21. Alien Rasi Cancer, Leo, Scorpio
22. Parts of Body Thigh, Foot
23. Amsa Athipathi Life
24. Thisai Duration 19 years