lord Shiva

The Supreme Trinity manifestation of Divinity are Lord Bramha, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva has been representing Himself in many forms for the destruction of evil forces. His concert is Lordess Parvathi. He has two sons Lord Ganesh and Lord Muruga. His another wife is Lordess Ganges who will be on His head. He is also called as Tri-nethra and Neelakandar. His three eyes representing Knowledge, Divine and Wisdom. He lives in Mount Kailash. According to Shaiva Sidhdhaantha the God is formless. He is both static and dynamic, creator and destroyer, oldest and youngest. He is the source of fertility in all living things. But for the salvation of lives He took the form of Linga Murthi. This Murthi is called "Sadashiva Murthi". He represents Himself in both gentle form (Shantha Swaroobam) and fierce form (Agoramoorthy or Uggramoorty). 

In almost all the saivate temples the main deity i.e., Moolavar will be of Sadashiva Murthi. He has taken various forms for the benefit of lives  which are called "Maheshwara Murthi". There are about twenty six famous Maheshwara Murthi. Usually only the Sadashiva Murthi will be in the Sanctum Sanctorum (Garbha Graham). The Maheshwara Murthi will be in the Praharam (Outside the Sanctum Sanctorum). The Linga is divided into two parts Peedam and Baanam(Lingam). The peedam is also called as 'Aavudaiyar' may be of square, circle or hexagon in shape. The baanam or Lingam will be of circular in shape.

Nandi, the bull is depicted facing the sanctum in all Saivate temples, symbolizing human soul (Jeevathma) yearning for realising its oneness with Paramathma, the ultimate reality.

1. Tevaram Hymn Temples
2. Jyothirlinga Temples
3. Pancha Bootha Temples
4. Pancha Sabai Temples
5. Pancha Aarama Temples
6. Pancha Baskara Temples
7. Pancha Bramha Temples
8. Ashta Veeraata Temples
9. Saptha Vidanga Temples
10. Sadha Aaranya Temples
11. Saptha Sthaana Temples
12. Nava Kailayam
13. Maada Koil
14. Chauraasi Mahadev Temples
15. 108 Shiva Temples of Lord Parasurama
16. Agasthiyar Worshipped Shiva Temples
17. Other than Tevaram Hymn Shiva Temples